Thursday, May 22, 2008

Rice farming procedures: A sort of systematic approach

  • Preparing the Banih padi or paddy seeds for sowing is done by soaking the seeds in watery solution for 48hrs, by which time they should germinate.
  • Once germination has occured, the ideal way to samai (sow) the seeds is by scattering them sparsely on a plot of plowed soil (possibly a nursery) and not to let them bunch up so much that it makes them difficult to dig out for transplanting. A better alternative is to sow the seeds in trays which will help facilitate transporting and transplanting of seedlings to the sawah (paddy field). The soil for raising the seedlings is mixed with ampas padi (padi husks) from milled padi.

  • Transplanting of seedlings to the sawah is then carried out after 1 month of sowing.

  • After a week from transplanting, fertilising with urea is then carried out to encourage the growth of the seedlings. This however also encourages the growth of weeds. Hence when the weeds start to sprout, Amien herbicide is sprayed to suppress the weeds. Feeding is most important and should be carried out monthly one month after transplanting by using Vitagrow organic fertiliser. Halfway thru the cultivation period (3 months for baras Pusu), fertilising once with fruit enhancing fertiliser (npk 12-12-17 + 2) is carried out to feed the by now already seeding padi.

  • Six months later around about April, baras Pusu is ready to be katam (harvesting) once the seeds have ripened and turned yellowish brown. Family and friends come in rejoice to join in the mengatam activity.

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